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"POVERTY, IN THE BLACK RACE, AS A RESULT OF HISTORICAL WHITE OPPRESSION"

Posted by deborahselectric on December 4, 2012 at 3:50 PM

Poverty among Persons under 18, 18 to 64, and 65 and Older

 

In 2011, the poverty rate among adults 65 and older was 8.7 percent, statistically unchanged from 2010.

The poverty rate among adults between the ages of 18 and 64 was 13.7 percent in 2011, statistically unchanged from 2010.

In 2011, children under the age of 18 had a poverty rate of 21.9 percent, statistically unchanged from 22.0 percent in 2010.

The gap in the poverty rate between adults 65 and older and adults ages 18 to 64 has grown since 2001. In 2011, the poverty rate among adults ages 18 to 64 was 5.0 percentage points higher than for adults 65 and older, while these groups had the same poverty rate of 10.1 percent in 2001.

In 2011, poverty rates for the under 18 and 18 to 64 age groups have increased 5.7 and 4.1 percentage points, respectively, since 2000. The poverty rate for those 65 and older has fallen somewhat since 2000.

Child Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

2000-2011 Note: Hispanic includes children of all races. White, Non-Hispanic does not include any Hispanic children. Black or African-American includes Hispanic children and starting in 2002 includes Black or African-American children reporting multiple race categories.

 

CHILD POVERTY

 

Children in African-American, Hispanic, and Non-Hispanic White Families

 

For African-American children, the poverty rate in 2011 was 37.4 percent as a result of historical white supremist racism. The poverty rate for African-American children in 2011 was 7.2 percentage points higher than the recent low in 2001.

For Hispanic children, the poverty rate in 2011 was 34.1 percent. The poverty rate for Hispanic children in 2011 was 7.2 percentage points higher than the recent low in 2006.

For non-Hispanic White children, the poverty rate was 12.5 percent in 2011. The poverty rate for non-Hispanic White children in 2011 was 3.4 percentage points higher than the recent low in 2000.

Child Poverty by Family Structure 2000-2011

 

CHILD POVERTY

 

Children in Married-Couple Families and Female-Headed Families

 

In 2011, the poverty rate for children in married-couple families was 10.9 percent, up from a recent low of 8.1 percent in 2006.

The poverty rate among children in female-headed families with no spouse present was 47.6 percent in 2011, up from a recent low of 42.0 percent in 2006.

Children living in female-headed families with no spouse present had a poverty rate over four times that of children in married-couple families in 2011 (47.6 percent compared to 10.9 percent).

Poverty Rates of All Persons by Race and Ethnicity

1979-2011 Note: Hispanic includes persons of all races. White, not Hispanic does not include any Hispanic persons. Black or African-American includes Hispanic persons and starting in 2002 includes Black or African-American persons reporting multiple race categories

 

HISTORICAL POVERTY RATES FOR ALL PERSONS

 

The percentage of all persons living in poverty in 2011, 15.0 percent, was comparable to the past peak rates of 15.2 percent in 1983 and 15.1 percent in 1993.

In calendar year 2011, the poverty rate for all African-American persons was 27.5 percent. This is statistically unchanged from 27.4 percent in 2010, and it is below the recent peak poverty rate of 33.4 percent in 1992.

In calendar year 2011, the poverty rate for all Hispanic persons was 25.3 percent. This is a significant decrease from 26.5 percent in 2010 and below the peak poverty rate of 30.7 percent in 1994.

 

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